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Plastic fuel


02-08-2022

SDG Agenda 2030


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The Sustainable Development Goals are a document that aims to create better conditions for humanity and the environment by 2030. This program, which was adopted in 2015 with the unanimous support of all UN member states, is aimed at preserving well-being in all regions of the world and achieving development that is beneficial to humanity.

Under the leadership of our esteemed President, great work is being done at the national level to implement the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. In this regard, the work carried out at the Oguz han Engineering and Technology University of Turkmenistan is particularly noteworthy.

At the "Ecological Biotechnology" scientific manufacturing center of the university, under the guidance of the teachers of the Department of Ecology and Ecological Technologies, students of the "Ecology and Use of Nature" program perform various project works. In this scientific production center, various experiments are carried out on processing plastic waste and obtaining new products from it since 2020.

Plastics are synthetic polymers composed of low molecular weight monomers derived from petroleum, coal or natural gas. So, if petroleum is used to produce plastic products, this process can be reversed and fuel can be obtained based on the pyrolysis reaction. Thus, in the "Ecological Biotechnology" scientific manufacturing center, plastic waste was processed with the help of pyrolysis reaction and economically significant products were obtained. They are: liquid fuels and construction materials.

The composition of the obtained liquid fuel is similar to the composition of gasoline used for railways and cars, as well as agricultural machinery. This liquid can also be used as a solvent for various paints and varnishes. Also, some of its ingredients are widely used in perfumery.

Resin-based waste plates can be used for cars and trucks. This plate is stronger, lighter and less expensive than conventional materials. The addition of various colorants to them ensures the beauty of the outer appearance of the product. These slabs are 2-3 times stronger than concrete blocks and easy to transport.

The project work has been successfully carried out in laboratory conditions and it is proposed to introduce this technology into manufacturing in the future.

Ogulshirin TACHEVA, The student of Ecology and nature management major of the Oguz han Engineering and Technology University of Turkmenistan